Matt Le visited a wharenui (meeting house) on a marae in Auckland. He participated in a pōwhiri welcome, and learned about the Māori concepts of manaakitanga and kaitiakitanga.
What is a pōwhiri?
When you visit a marae in New Zealand, you will experience a pōwhiri. The pōwhiri is a traditional process of introduction and welcome that allows marae guests and hosts (tangata whenua) to get to know one another.
Before entering a marae for the first time, visitors wait outside the gate to be greeted with a karanga (formal welcome call) that invites them onto the marae grounds.
Next, whaikōrero (formal speeches) can be held outside or inside the meeting house (wharenui). Representatives from the hosts and the visitors will speak to introduce themselves and the group. After each speech there is a waiata (song).
Following the speeches, visitors are invited to shake hands and hongi (press noses) with the hosts.
The pōwhiri process finishes with a shared meal to lift the tāpu (sacredness) of the occasion.
Watch the video above to see these traditions in action!
What is manaakitanga?
When Matt asked Tama Davis from Ngāti Whātua Ōrākei about the Māori concept of manaakitanga, he described it like this:
"Manaakitanga is about great preparation - making sure you're aware of who's coming into your space; and making those people comfortable, and that place inviting and easy to interact in."
Manaakitanga can also be described as hospitality and showing respect and care for others.
What is kaitiakitanga?
Kaitiakitanga means guardianship. In Māori culture there are very strong links between people and the land, and people are considered guardians of the land.
Tama says: "Kaitiakitanga is really about being a responsible steward (caretaker) of the spaces and the places that you inhabit. So it's about your environment. Kaitiakitanga is not about the here and now. It's about making sure that the here and now is still here for your grandchildren's grandchildren."